Realizing the Vision for Forests – how EverGreen Agriculture can contribute
October 13, 2015
By Clinton Muller from the World Agroforestry Centre
The importance of forests in supporting the achievement of the new Sustainable Development Goals was a key message of the recent XIV World Forestry Congress held in South Africa, but where does EverGreen Agriculture fit into this vision?
Key messages emerging from the Congress highlight the universally agreed upon services forests provide. For the rural poor, forests support livelihoods and are an important source of food, wood energy, shelter and fibre. For the environment, they play a huge role in mitigating climate change, protecting soils and water, and harbouring the world’s biodiversity.
While there remains great concern about the rate of deforestation and the pressures on forest resources, it is encouraging to see some positive news emerging. Coinciding with the congress was the release of the Global Forest Resources Assessment by FAO, indicating that over the past 25 years the rate of net global deforestation has slowed down by more than 50%. The report noted that the reduction in the rate of decline is largely attributable to increases in the area of forests under protection, and improved forest management through policy changes and greater engagement of local communities in decision making.
The intention to continue the good news for global forests is strongly evident in the Durban Declaration for a 2050 vision for forests and forestry, which was delivered as an outcome of the Congress. A key feature of the declaration is the need for inter-sectorial coordination and collaboration to achieve the vision for sustainably managed forests. This is highlighted through the need for an integrated landscape scale approach, which addresses the drivers of deforestation and capitalizes on the triple bottom line benefits of integrating forests with agriculture.
In order to support the global vision for sustainably managed forests, EverGreen Agriculture must be considered in the context of improving the agriculture-forestry linkages in the landscape.
An integrated approach involving the intercropping of trees with food crops and livestock through EverGreen Agriculture can contribute to reducing the primary causes of deforestation. This has been seen through improvements to smallholder food security and livelihoods which provide forest-based resources on farm, such as fuel wood, whilst improving farm productivity through improved soil health. Additionally, the inclusion of more trees in the landscape and connectivity to forests can enhance the resilience of existing forest resources and the environmental services they provide.
The question therefore remains, how do we foster greater inter-sectorial coordination and collaboration within the forestry sector to accelerate the adoption of EverGreen Agriculture to realize our global vision for forests?
The XIV World Forestry Congress was held between the 7-11 September, 2015 at the Inkosi Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre in Durban. A full summary of the Congress proceedings and events, which was attended by nearly 4,000 participants from 142 countries, is available on the World Forestry Congress website