Sustainable Food Security through Land Regeneration in a Changing Climate

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Session 3.4 – Fruit trees for improved nutrition and livelihoods

Facilitator and Speakers

Stepha McMullin, World Agroforestry Centre

John Saka, University of Malawi

Simon Mng’omba, World Agroforestry Centre

Wilson Gondwe, Malawi

Abstract

Fruit consumption in Southern Africa is far below the recommended daily amount required and this has implications for micronutrient malnutrition, which affects 2 billion people globally. Dietary diversity is necessary for meeting the nutrient needs of those most vulnerable, women and children. Agroforestry has a particular role to play in the challenge of achieving good nutrition through the provisioning of nutrient-rich tree foods such as fruits, nuts, vegetables etc., while addressing seasonal food shortages and the need for resilient farm and food systems. Major bottlenecks are the inputs; better tree management; suitable seed and seedling systems that require quality planting materials, making them available to farmers, and suitable value chains and markets. This session will explore the need to diversify farm systems with ecologically suitable combination of trees to provide for household food and nutrition needs year round with the food tree portfolio approach. It will  highlight the importance of indigenous fruits trees in the region to contribute towards improved food and nutrition. It will highlight approaches to strengthen seed and seedling systems, tree orchard and home-garden management, and touch on the role of strengthened fruit markets and value chains to make agriculture work for improved nutrition and health.

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