Trees on farms contributing to post-2020 biodiversity framework
January 4, 2019
As countries wrapped up discussion at CBD COP 14 in Sharm el Sheik, Egypt, the Trees on Farms for Biodiversity team reflects on what we need to do to accelerate action towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and to contribute to the discussions on the post-2020 biodiversity framework.
Increasing sustainable agriculture productivity is a predominant measure to achieve the 2050 Vision on Biodiversity across all the scenarios discussed at the Fourteenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP14).
The three scenarios that offer solutions were 1) agricultural productivity is prioritized (global technology pathway); 2) focus on adaptive-management approaches in response to regional priorities underlines the importance of biodiversity-friendly farming (decentralized solution); or 3) production patterns change to support a reduced consumption pathway (lifestyle scenario).
At the CBD COP14, delegates acknowledged that agriculture is one of the largest drivers of degradation and forest loss, especially in tropical forested countries. Growing populations and increasing demand in middle- and upper-income countries for meat, cocoa, vegetable oil and other agricultural commodities is pushing nature to its limits.
The large amount of degraded land is also a threat to the survival of biodiversity yet it, too, also has potential to restore biodiversity, specifically, including through activities that help the survival of wildlife that are critical for agricultural ecosystems and promote the conservation and sustainable use of soil biodiversity; the latter part of the urgent actions to be undertaken by 2020 in order to accelerate action on Aichi Biodiversity Target 7. With 35% of the world’s area under agricultural management, and with one-third of the world’s crops dependent on pollination, trees on farms can substantially help with ‘bending the curve’ of biodiversity-loss in agricultural landscapes.
Originally published on the World Agroforestry Website.
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